Investigaciones Geográficas

La segregación étnica en Inglaterra a través del tiempo (2001-2011): un estudio comparativo de ocho áreas habitacionales

Carolina V. Zuccotti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INGEO.16307

Resumen

A partir del análisis de índices de segregación espacial—calculados a partir de datos censales agregados obtenidos para pequeñas áreas geográficas (lower layer super output areas, LSOAs)—el estudio muestra niveles y cambios en la segregación espacial (2001-2011) de las principales minorías étnicas en Inglaterra (indios, pakistaníes, bangladesíes, chinos, caribeños y africanos), para ocho áreas habitacionales (HMA). La doble comparación entre HMA y entre grupos, junto con el uso de variados índices de segregación, permite identificar diferentes patrones de segregación espacial, así como dinámicas ‘étnicas’ y ‘de contexto’. Específicamente, mientras que algunos patrones de segregación son distintivos de ciertos grupos étnicos (independientemente de su área habitacional), otros son específicos de ciertas áreas. Como ejemplos del primero, los niveles de segregación de paquistaníes y bangladesíes son a menudo los más altos, independientemente de su HMA de residencia; también parecen seguir patrones de cambio específicos (y contrastantes) a lo largo del tiempo. En cuanto a la dinámica del contexto, Birmingham aparece como un contexto favorable en términos cambios en los niveles de segregación, mientras que se observa lo contrario para Leicester y Bradford.

Palabras clave

Áreas habitacionales; Inglaterra; grupos étnicos; segregación espacial.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INGEO.16307





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