Investigaciones Geográficas

Fecundidad de nacionales y extranjeros en España, Italia y Grecia durante y después de la recesión económica y la crisis de los refugiados

Byron Kotzamanis

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INGEO.19061

Resumen

Este artículo ofrece una visión general de las tendencias de la fecundidad de las mujeres extranjeras y nacionales en Grecia, España e Italia durante la última década y antes de la pandemia del Covid. Se centra especialmente en la fecundidad de las extranjeras y la compara con la de las “nacionales”. El análisis principal se centra en un periodo marcado, primero, por la recesión y el estancamiento económico, y luego, por la reciente ola de la “crisis de refugiados”. La fecundidad de los extranjeros en los tres países del sur del Mediterráneo difiere significativamente de la de los nacionales, ya que los primeros tienen tasas de fecundidad más altas y una edad media de maternidad más baja. Sin embargo, aunque los extranjeros contribuyen en gran medida a los nacimientos, su impacto en la fecundidad periódica (TFR) es limitado. Al mismo tiempo, aunque la fecundidad de ambos grupos disminuyó durante los primeros años de la recesión, la TFR de los extranjeros cayó más rápidamente en términos absolutos y relativos en Italia y Grecia. Sin embargo, a partir de 2014, la fecundidad del periodo de los extranjeros difiere entre los tres países, ya que en España e Italia se observa una estabilización relativa, mientras que los indicadores aumentan en Grecia. Esta divergencia se debe a los diferentes cambios de composición de los extranjeros asentados después de 2014 en los tres países estudiados y a la fuerte recuperación de los nacimientos de extranjeros en Grecia, ya que su fecundidad se vio mucho más afectada por la recesión.

Palabras clave

España; Italia; Grecia; extranjeros; nacionales; fecundidad periódica; crisis económica; crisis de refugiados.

Texto completo:

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INGEO.19061





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