Investigaciones Geográficas

Migración en la región mediterránea: una respuesta a las crisis y una emergencia por derecho propio

Federico Benassi, Maria Carella, Frank Heins

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INGEO.19461

Resumen

Las migraciones son una respuesta obvia a las crisis políticas, económicas, sociales y ecológicas. Durante las últimas décadas se han producido varias crisis en la región mediterránea; en consecuencia, las migraciones se han intensificado, la geografía de los flujos se ha alterado y los papeles de algunos países dentro del sistema migratorio mediterráneo han cambiado rápidamente.

Este artículo pretende ofrecer una visión general de los flujos migratorios en esta región durante los últimos veinte años, centrándose en los nuevos flujos relacionados con las crisis humanitarias. El presente estudio también examina similitudes y diferencias entre los factores migratorios pasados y actuales que influyen sobre las decisiones individuales. Los flujos migratorios están estrechamente vinculados a las necesidades y a los desasosiegos de las sociedades europeas. Siguiendo esta lógica, al analizar los desafíos relacionados con las dimensiones demográficas y geopolíticas en el escenario futuro, este estudio discute la necesidad de una nueva respuesta política.


Palabras clave

Migraciones; región mediterránea; crisis humanitarias; dimensiones demográficas y geopolíticas.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INGEO.19461





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