Hacia la adaptación al cambio climático

Philipp Schmidt-Thomé

Resumen

La adaptación al cambio climático ha ido cobrando importancia desde comienzos del siglo actual. Históricamente la adaptación, no al cambio climático sino a los eventos atmosféricos extremos, estaba profundamente arraigada en muchas sociedades y en su forma de ocupar el territorio. Con la industrialización y especialmente con el aumento de la globalización desde los años noventa del pasado siglo, la importancia de una adecuada adaptación al territorio ha ido perdiendo protagonismo, lo que ha aumentado la exposición y el riesgo de los asentamientos humanos en áreas potencialmente afectadas por los impactos del cambio climático (p.e. subida del nivel de mar) y/o por eventos extremos (peligros naturales). Para desarrollar medidas de adaptación al cambio climático es necesario identificar soluciones viables, es decir, viables y aceptables desde el punto de vista socioeconómico. La identificación de estas soluciones factibles va más allá del análisis científico puro puesto que incorpora a todas las partes interesadas, incluidos los responsables en la toma de decisiones y el propio conocimiento local.

Palabras clave

Cambio climático; peligros naturales; vulnerabilidad; riesgo; adaptación; usos del suelo; comunicación.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14198/INGEO2017.67.03





Copyright (c) 2017 Philipp Schmidt-Thomé

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